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DEPT OF HISTORY


 


HISTORY DEPARTMENT AT A GLANCE

 

Govt. Degree College Pulwama was established in 1986, soon after the District status was granted to Pulwama. The prime motive of the college is to provide higher education to the students of Pulwama, and its suburbs in the habitation within affordable financial implications.

          The department of History too sprout out with the establishment of the college in 1986. In its beginning the department functioned with one teaching member on permanent base, but with the passage of time due to the increasing strength of the students, the teaching faculty was elevated to three members on permanent tenure. The department had progressed by leaps and bounds since the establishment of the college as the product of the college in general and of the department in particular are on respectable positions in academic field with bright future.

The teachers of the department spent four hours with students and two hours with administrative matters. The department monitor overall performance of the students through orally and written class tests. The department also conducts mid-term tests to evaluate the performance of the students under strict examination rules. Though in 2015 university of Kashmir has introduced semester scheme for 1st Year UG courses yet UG 2nd and 3rd remain in operation with a previous pattern.

 

FACULTY

 

STATEMENT OF TEACHING STAFF (PERMANENT)

S. No.

Name

Quali-fication

Designation

Name of Topic for Ph. D

1-

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Bhat

Ph. D

Assistant Professor

Socio – Economic Development in Kashmir (1925 – 47)

 

 

STATEMENT OF TEACHING STAFF (CONTRACTUAL)

S. No.

Name

Quali-fication

Designation

Name of Topic for Ph. D

1-

Dr. Syed Damsaz Ali

Ph. D

Academic Arrangement lecturer

Role of Qadriya Sufis in the Propagation of Islam in Kashmir valley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MEETINGS CONDUCTED BY THE DEPARTMENT

 

 

          The department has conducted a series of meetings in which threadbare discussion was held over completion of syllabus, management of timetable and availability of books in the library. The department believes in quality and not in quantity education as academic excellence is its prime motive. The department at present possess 568 books of which 56 were funded by UGC as available in the General library of the college.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pass percentage of students of the History Department during 2011 to 2014 for three year classes shown in the table given below.

Year 2011 – 12

Class

Total Students Appeared

Dropouts

Failures

Total Pass-outs

Pass Percentage

BA 1st Year

668

--

461

407

46.88

BA 2nd Year

753

13

183

557

75.06

BA 3rd  Year

520

10

60

450

88.23

 

Year 2012 – 13

Class

Total Students Appeared

Dropouts

Failures

Total Pass-outs

Pass Percentage

BA 1st Year

244

01

128

115

47.32

BA 2nd Year

532

11

74

447

85.79

BA 3rd  Year

663

15

68

580

89.50

 

Year 2013 – 14

Class

Total Students Appeared

Dropouts

Failures

Total Pass-outs

Pass Percentage

BA 1st Year

192

--

62

130

67.70

BA 2nd Year

275

--

76

199

72.36

BA 3rd  Year

495

--

53

442

89.29

 

 

Syllabus UG Classes 2012, 2013 & 2014

(History)

BG 1st Year

 

Paper A:-   Ancient India

Unit – I

A;      Pre and Proto History

i-       Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Cultures

ii-    Chalcolithic Cultures, Harappan Civilization; Emergence, Features, Decline – Debate.

B:      Aryans

i-                   Aryan debate

ii-                Sources

iii-              Early vedic Period: Polity, Society, Economy and religion.

iv-              Letter – Vedic Period: Changes and Continuity.

 

Unit – II

A;      Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

i-                   Rise of Maghadah

 

B:      Religious Dissent

i-                   Sources

ii-                Jainism and Buddhism: Teachings, Emergence, Spread, Significance and decline.

iii-              Second Urbanization: Economy and society.

 

C:      Mauryas

i-                   Sources

ii-                Administration, Economy, Art and Architecture

iii-              Asoka’s Dhamma

iv-              Decline of the Mauryan Empire – Debate

 

Unit – III

A;      India between B.C 200 – C. E. 300

i-          Sungas, Kanvas: Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

ii-    Central Asian Contacts: Indo – Greeks, Sakas, Sakas, Pallavas and Kushans: Socio – Economic and Cultural Impact

iii-     Satvahanas: Economy, Society and Culture

 

B:      Sangam Age:

i-                   Society and Culture

 

Unit – IV

A;      Guptas

i-                   Sources, Polity, Society, Economy and Culture.

ii-                Decline

 

B:      Post – Guptas

i-                   Tri-partite Struggle: Pallas, Pratiharas and Rashtrakutas

ii-                Harshavardana: Sources, Administration, State of Buddhism

iii-              Cholas: Administration, Ecomony, Society, Religion and Archtecture.

 

Paper B:-    Ancient Kashmir

Unit – I

i-    Pre – Historic Kashmir; Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures with special refrence to Pahalgam (Paleolithic), Burzahom and Gufkral (Neolithic)

ii- Kashmir’s contacts with the neighbouring world and the culture change up to A.D. 5th century; Aryans Achaemenids, Mauryans, Indo-Greeks, Shakas, Pathians and Kushans

 

Unit – II

A.               Hun Rule

·        A survey of Hun Rulers; Empire Building and Cultural Change.

B.               Karkotas

·        A survey of Karkotas rulers; Empire Building; Immigrations and Settlements; Urban Development; Religion; Art and Architecture

Unit – III

Utpalas

i- A survey of Utpalas Rulers

ii- Economy, Urban Development, Learning, Religion, Art and Architecture with Special Reference to Avantivarman, Didda as a Ruler.

 

Unit – IV

Loharas

i-                   Sources: Rajatarangini, Ksamendra

A survey of Lohara Rulers; Dammaras and their Role; Religious Millieu; Caste and Class Structure of the Society; Role of Royal Women with special reference to Suryamati and Kota Rani, Presence of Muslims, Zulju’s Invasion; Rinchana’s accession to power and his conversion; Achalas Invasion and Shah Mir’s Rise to power

 

BG 2nd Year

 

Paper A:-   Medieval India

 

Unit – I

The Delhi Sultanate

i-                   Sources with special reference to Chronicles, Travelogues and Hagiographic Literature.

ii-                India on the eve of Turkish Conquest, Nature of Gaznavide Invasion, Foundation of Sultanate, Causes and Significance of Turkish Conquest.

iii-              Challenges (Internal & External) and responses during mamluk period with special reference to Iltutmush, Razia and Balban.

iv-              Khaljis: State. Agrarian Measures, market Regulation and Mongol policy with special reference to Alludin – Khalji.

 

Unit – II

i-                   Taghaluqs: Policies and Measures of Mohammad Bin Taghaluq and Feroz Shah Taghaluq.

ii-                Lodis: Kingship and Nobility.

iii-              Polity, Economy and Culture: Administration, Land Revenue System, Crafts and Commerce, Sufism, Bhakti Movement and Archtecture under the Sultans.

South India

i-                   Vijyanagar Empire: State, Economy and Society.

 

Unit – III

Mughal India

i-                   Sources with special reference to chronicles, biographies, autobiographies, Travelogues

ii-                Foundation of Mughal Rule

iii-              Humayun; Problems & Role.

iv-              Second Afghan Empire, Contribution of Sher Shah to Economy.

v-                Akbar: Expansion and Consolidation of Mughal Empire, Administrative, Economic, Religious and Social Policies.

vi-              Jahangir: Nurjahan’s Role, Changes.

vii-           Shahijahan: Frontier Policy

viii-         Aurangzeb: Policies, Problems and resistances.

ix-              Downfall of Mughal Empire - Debate

 

Unit – IV

i-                   Administration: Central, provincial, Local, Mansabdari System

ii-                Land Revenue System

iii-              Architecture and Painting.

iv-              Bhakti and Sikh Movements.

v-                Marathas: Polity & Administration.

 

Paper B:-    Medieval Kashmir

 

Unit – I

Kashmir and Sultans

i-                   Foundation and consolidation of sultanate with special reference to Shah Mir and Shihab-u-din.

ii-                Sultanate at Zenith; Zain al Abdin’s Contribution to technology, Economy, Education and Social Harmony.

 

Unit – II

i-                   Conversion to Islam: Stages in spread of Islam; Causes of Conversion.

ii-                Decline of Shah Mir Dynasty; Causes; Kashmir Under Mirza Haider Dughlat.

iii-              Kashmir under Chaks: A brief Survey of Chak Rule.

 

Unit – III

i-                   Mughal Conquest of Kashmir, A survey of Mughal Governors, Changes in Economy and Society; Architecture and Pleasure Garden Building.

 

Unit – IV

i-                   Kashmir under Afghans and Sikhs: A survey of Afghan and Sikh Governors; Agriculture, Craft and Commerce, Taxation, Oppression, Drain of Wealth, Poverty.

 

 

 

 

 

BG 3rd  Year

 

Paper A:-   Modern India

 

Unit – I

i-                   India in the Eighteenth Century: Emergence of Regional powers.

ii-                Foundation of British Rule: A Debate

iii-              Expansion of British Empire: War and Diplomacy.

iv-              Consolidation: Ideologies (orientalism & Utilitaranism) and tools.

v-                Constitutional Development under the Company Raj: Regulating Act 1773, Pitts India Act and the Charter Acts.

 

 Unit – II

i-                   Phases and features of Colonialism

ii-                The Drain of Wealth; A Conceptual Debate.

iii-              Colonial transformation of the Rural Economy.

a: land revenue Settlements: permanent Settlement, Ryotwari Settlement  
    and Mahalwari Settlement.

 b: Commercialization of agriculture

iv-               Decline of Indigenous Industries and the rise of Modern Industry.

 

Unit – III

i-                   Spread of Modern Education

ii-                Socio-Religious Reform Movement with special reference to BrahmoSamaj, AryaSamaj and Aligarh movement.

iii-              Major Peasant and Tribal Uprisings with special reference to Santhal and Mopalla

iv-              The Revolt of 1857: Causes, nature, Failure and Consequences.

 

Unit – IV

i-                   Genesis of national Consciousness; Foundation of Indian national Congress.

ii-                Contribution of the Moderates & Extremists.

iii-              Foundation of Muslim League and its role

iv-              Emergence of Gandhi as a national leader and the nature of Gandhian Movements.

v-                Constitutional Developments (1909 – 1935)

vi-              Second world war and the Indian Politics: Cripps Mission; Quit India Movement.

vii-           Cabinet Mission and Mountbatten Plan

viii-         Freedom and partition: A Conceptual Debate.

 

Paper B:-    Modern Kashmir Since 1846

 

Unit – I

i-                   Foundation of jammu & Kashmir State; Causes, Treaty of Amritsar, position of Jammu & Kashmir state vis-à-vis British Paramountacy.

ii-                Kashmir under maharajas: Gulab Singh, Rambir Singh, Pratap Singh and Hari Sing: A Survey of their rule.

iii-              British Policy towards Kashmir Changes: Means of Communication; Education and Health.

 

Unit – II

i-                   Traditional Economy: Change and Continuity under Colonial Order

ii-                Political Awakening

iii-              Mass Discount: Causes.

iv-              Protests: Silent protests (forced Migrations): Uprisings: Shawl-Bafs Revolt, Silk Factory Revolt: 1932 – The Year of Revolts; Glancy Commission; The institutionalization of protest: Formation of Muslim Conference anf its Role.

 

Unit – III

i-                   Conversion of Muslim Conference to national Conference: Causes and significance

ii-                The Programme and Role of national Conference.

iii-              Plural Politics: Ideological Scenario on the Eve of Partition.

 

Unit – IV

i-                   Independence, Accession and the Birth of Kashmir Question.

ii-                Kashmir between 1947 – 1953: Agrarian Reforms and Political Developments.

iii-              Kashmir Unrest: Erosion of Autonomy, Plebiscite Movement, Problems of Governance; Education and Unemployment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Departmental Time Table 2012, 2013 & 2014

 

2012

 

Class

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

9th

BG 1st Year

 

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 15)

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 23)

 

 

 

BG 2nd Year

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 13)

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 27)

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 03)

 

 

 

BG 3rd Year

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 15)

 

 

Syed Rouf Ahmad (Room No. 6)

Syed Rouf Ahmad (Room No. 6)

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 09)

Syed Rouf Ahmad (Room No. 6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

 

Class

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

9th

BG 1st Year

 

 

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 26)

Mr. Waheed Ahmad

(Room No. 26)

 

 

 

BG 2nd Year

 

 

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 14)

 

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 14)

 

 

BG 3rd Year

Mr. Waheed Ahmad

(Room No. 28)

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 19)

 

Mr. Waheed Ahmad

(Room No. 09)

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 13)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014

 

Class

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

8th

9th

BG 1st Year

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 23)

 

 

 

BG 2nd Year

 

 

 

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 27)

 

 

Dr. Damsaz Ali (Room No. 06)

 

BG 3rd Year

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 22)

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad

(Room No. 26)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Bhat

A-  Workshop:

1-    Organized by national Council of Education Research & Training, Northern India (Ajmeer) from 21st October 2002 to 26th October 2002.

B-   Orientation Course:

1-    Attended 04 weeks General Orientation Course organized by UGC Academic Staff College University of Kashmir, Srinagar from 20/02/2008 to 18/03/2008.

C-  Refresher Course:

1-    Participated in 03 weeks Refresher Course organized by UGC Academic Staff College University of Kashmir, Srinagar from 6th February, 2014 to 26th February, 2014.

2-    Attended a 03 weeks Refresher Course organized by UGC Academic Staff College University of Kashmir, Srinagar from 15th December, 2014 to 3rd January, 2015.

D-  Publications:

INTERNATIONAL

1-    Published a Research paper entitled “Indus Valley Civilization and its Economy”, Published in Erusion Studies Holand  Under ISSN No.: 1877 – 4199 in March 2014

2-    A Research paper entitled “Kashmir and its Economy under Hindu Rule (Ancient Period)”, Published in the International Journal Culture & History USA, under ISSN No: 2332 – 5518  in November 2014

NATIONAL

3-    A Research paper entitled “Position of women in the Indian Society” Published in International Journal of Humanities Social Science and Education (IJHSSE) Hyderabad under ISSN No. 2349 – 0381 in May 2015.

4-    Economy of Kashmir Under Sultans (Sultanate Period) published in the International Journal of History & Cultural Studies under ISSN: 2454 – 7654, Vol – I, Issue 3, Oct – Dec 2015.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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